With the recent elections in the UK I thought it was time to delve into the present political structure, how history has shaped where we are and what is to come during the 21st Century. I believe history will look back at the 21st Century as a golden era in humanities progress. Not only from a technological view, but politically also.
We have to start with a conventional view of the current system. At school you are taught about the political spectrum, a view that places all political views on a sliding scale from left to right with current positions of the political establishment rooted in the center. The picture below illustrates this concept for anyone who is not familiar with the spectrum.
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I have plotted various political ideologies along with popular UK political parties. In school you are taught that both the left and right sides of the spectrum are political extremes and should be avoided, leaving the centre ground as the only option by default. Incidentally this ground is occupied by all major western political parties. For example in the UK I have drawn from left to right, Labour, the Liberal Democrats and the Conservatives as this represents their historic political views but in recent years they have blurred to the point of being nearly indistinguishable.
I started having a real problem with this picture as I began to branch out my thinking during my twenties and saw alternatives. Such alternatives could not be mapped onto this conventional model. Even before I formed such views I still had issues with the old model as it places both Communism and Fascism at opposite ends yet both ideologies share common views. They both despised Capitalism, favoured central planning, implemented price controls along and deficit spending. The right wing is supposed to be the side of Capitalism, yet as Joseph Gobbels said;
"It would be better for us to go down with Bolshevism than live in eternal slavery under capitalism"
Nazism was called National Socialism as its members aligned more with Socialist principles than Capitalists and free marketeers.
Therefore a new political model is required not only to make this anomaly correct but the very nature of it assumes society with be stuck in stasis with a state.
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I have labelled it "Real Political Spectrum" as I believe all political views can be mapped onto such a model with consistency. The real spectrum has at one end Totalitarianism and slavery. Such regimes have little or no rights for the individual. In the past all of the western world used to fall under such a description. Our ancestors lived under serfdom which closely resembled slavery and the landowners could do as they pleased with the people who worked there. Slowly people gained more rights removing the shackles of serfdom. Democracy would take a long time to establish itself. In the past the King had complete autonomy over the people but this belief would be challenged. The Age of Enlightenment espoused radical ideas such that an individual had the right to pursue happiness and a freedom. These concepts were non-intuitive to many at the time who had always been directly governed by strict central authorities. Such ideas began in Scotland, England and Holland with the emphasis on tolerance to one another. Thinkers such as John Locke would inspire a whole generation to emigrate to the Americas and spread the concept of liberty. Schools were appearing as early as the 15th Century, such as the scholastics of Salamanca in formulating a theory which declared the rights to life and liberty; at the time a novel thought. Later schools would come along, such as the Austrian School, repeating and supplementing arguments for subjective value, price theory, business cycles, inflation, interest rates and so forth. These ideas enlightened many who found them.
During the age of reason another group of thinkers began distorting the word freedom. Jean-Jacques Rousseau argued that true freedom was the individuals submission to the wills of others in power. Freedom of the individual was not real freedom. Real freedom was the collective view of the elite few over the many. These ideas were explored in further detail by a later generation of thinkers. Hegelianism explained that the state had supreme rights over an individual. Such views would influence next generation thinkers such as Karl Marx. The left would go on to pollute the very essence of freedom, liberalism and human rights. Freedom became associated with a submission to the state for a collective good. Liberalism was associated with state grand plans to organise and plan for societies needs. Rather than individuals choices, human rights became one that was ever more influenced by the states needs.